String search (contains)
Title Source Relationship Type Target Description
Allan Cunningham and James Hogg Allan Cunningham friends with James Hogg

Cunningham and Hogg were friends, and Hogg's ‘Sixteenth Bard’ in his portmanteau poem The Queen’s Wake (1812) is said to be based on Cunningham.

Allan Cunningham and John Clare Allan Cunningham friends with John Clare
Allan Cunningham and John Clare Allan Cunningham friends with John Clare
Allan Cunningham and Sir Walter Scott Allan Cunningham influenced Sir Walter Scott

Cunningham was esteemed by Sir Walter Scott

Allan Cunningham and Thomas Mounsey Cunningham Allan Cunningham is sibling of Thomas Mounsey Cunningham
Anna Bray and Mary Maria Colling (née Kemp) Anna Bray patronized Mary Maria Colling (née Kemp)
Augustus Henry FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton and Robert Bloomfield Augustus Henry FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton patronized Robert Bloomfield

"In addition to his income from his two books, his cobbling, and his manufacture of aeolian harps, Bloomfield also began to receive an annuity of £15 from the duke of Grafton. Characteristically, Bloomfield generously shared his income with his brother George and his mother. Bloomfield's good financial fortunes seemed to wax even further when in late 1802 the duke of Grafton appointed him to the position of undersealer in the king's bench court. ... Bloomfield was beset with other sadnesses and difficulties. First, there was the death of his patron the old duke of Grafton, who was succeeded by his son Lord Charles Fitzroy. The new duke of Grafton did not share his father's enthusiasm for cobbler-poets, and Bloomfield had to enlist the services of Capel Lofft to petition the new duke for his £15 annuity, which Fitzroy eventually granted but was thereafter sometimes desultory in supplying." (ODNB)

Capel Lofft and Robert Bloomfield Capel Lofft patronized Robert Bloomfield

"In November 1798, however, George [Bloomfield] showed the manuscript [The Farmer's Boy] to Capel Lofft, the radical editor and writer and a prominent figure in Suffolk society, who liked it well enough to make grammatical and orthographical amendments to the text and shepherd the poem into print along with his own evaluative preface. The publishers Vernor and Hood agreed to publish The Farmer's Boy, but it did not begin to appear in shops until March 1800." (ODNB)

Charles Wilson and Aldous Huxley Charles Wilson corresponded with, knew Aldous Huxley

Wilson invited Huxley to visit Willington to speak to his Worker's Educational Association class, and Huxley "went on a three day mini-lecture tour to Willington and Billingham in October 1930, speaking on 'Poetry and Science.'

Charles Wilson and D. H. Lawrence Charles Wilson corresponded with D. H. Lawrence

"Wilson sent D. H. Lawrence several letters, a postcard, a nicket cigarette case, poems and two calendars. The seven surviving Lawrence letters to Wilson were courteous in tone, but were not characteristic of Lawrence's 'normal private correspondence,' as he made no effort to establish a relationship with Wilson (in contrast to other comparable correspondents) [Ellis and De Zordo 1993]" (Makes 375).

Charles Wilson and James Joyce Charles Wilson wrote to James Joyce

Wilson invited Joyce to one of his Worker's Educational Association classes, but it is uncertain whether Joyce replied, and he did not visit Willington.

Dante Gabriel Rosetti and Thomas Chatterton Dante Gabriel Rosetti read, influenced by, addressed writing to Thomas Chatterton

"Chatterton's genius and his death are commemorated by ... Dante Gabriel Rosetti in 'Five English Poets' " (Wikipedia)

Edward Bailey Preston and John Clare Edward Bailey Preston corresponded with John Clare
Edward Rushton and George Washington Edward Rushton wrote to George Washington

"A decade later [1797] he [Rushton] wrote to his former hero George Washington, pointing up the hypocrisy of retaining slaves while fighting for freedom: ‘In the name of justice what can induce you thus to tarnish your own well-earned celebrity and to impair the fair features of American liberty with so foul and indelible a blot’ " (Rowley, Superlist)

Edward Rushton and Thomas Chatterton Edward Rushton wrote about Thomas Chatterton

Rushton published a volume decrying the neglect of Thomas Chatterton

Edward Rushton and Thomas Paine Edward Rushton wrote to Thomas Paine

Rushton wrote to Paine about the hypocrisy of slavery

Eliza Emmerson and John Clare Eliza Emmerson patronized John Clare
Elizabeth Bentley and Reverend John Walker Elizabeth Bentley patronized by Reverend John Walker

Most of what is known of Bentley's life comes from a letter of 23 July 1790, addressed to her patron and first editor, the Revd John Walker, and included among the prefatory materials to both her volumes of verse. (ODNB)

Elizabeth La Mont and John Oatt La Mont Elizabeth La Mont is wife of John Oatt La Mont

Both Elizabeth and John had at least one daughter, possibly two. They lived together in Glasgow and then London, where John died in 1844 of consumption. Both were active writers and Chartists.

Ellen Johnston and Sir Walter Scott Ellen Johnston read Sir Walter Scott

"She was an avid reader as a child and greatly influenced by the writings of Sir Walter Scott." (ODNB)

George Bruce and Robert Burns George Bruce influenced by Robert Burns

Bruce's 1886, Poems and Songs, "displays his knowledge of the Scots language and his admiration for Robert Burns. He later became poet laureate of the St Andrews Burns Club." (Fife Today)

Hannah More and Ann Cromartie Yearsley Hannah More patronized Ann Cromartie Yearsley

After battling destitution in the winter of 1783-84—her family salvaged from veritable starvation—Yearsley came to the attention of the affluent Hannah More and other members of the ’Bluestocking’ circle, who enabled Poems on Several Occasions to be published by subscription. A public wrangle over control and income bore a permanent rift in Yearsley’s relationship with her patron. Hereafter, Yearsley would produce her subsequent works independently.

James Dacres Devlin and John Clare James Dacres Devlin supported, addressed writing to John Clare

Simon Kövesi has traced Devlin’s notable role in the 1841 campaign to raise support and funding for John Clare, then languishing in an asylum in High Beach, through a series of essays and poems pub. in the English Journal. Kövesi reproduces the poem, ‘A Reflection, on reading the appeal, in behalf of the poet John Clare in the “English Journal” May 15’ (first printed in the Journal, 1, no. 23, 5 June 1841), along with its extended footnote comparing Clare with Robert BurnsRobert Bloomfield and Thomas Chatterton.

James Hogg and Robert Burns James Hogg read, influenced by Robert Burns

"For much of his life Hogg believed that he was born on 25 January 1772. He took great pride in sharing the birthday of Robert Burns; indeed there is much evidence that he saw his life's work in terms of being Burns's successor. However, the parish register of Ettrick records Hogg's baptism at Ettrick church on 9 December 1770, a fact that he discovered with disappointment during his later years" (ODNB).

"After the failure of the projected move to Harris in 1804, Hogg obtained work as a shepherd in Dumfriesshire, in south-west Scotland, an area in which Burns had spent the final years of his life. Indeed, while living in Dumfriesshire, Hogg made the acquaintance of Jean Armour, Burns's widow" (ODNB).

"Like Burns, Hogg questioned and subverted aspects of the Scottish Enlightenment, and created a space in which the allegedly ‘marginal’ and ‘primitive’ culture of the old Scottish peasantry could speak with eloquence and power. Like Burns, Macpherson, and Scott, Hogg made a distinctive Scottish contribution to European Romanticism." (ODNB)

James Hogg and Robert Tannahill James Hogg knew Robert Tannahill

"Hogg had been in the Highlands on business ... and Paisley not being far off their way, Hogg expressed a desire to see Tannahill, the Weaver Poet of Paisley ... [James] Barr has said Hogg was enraptured with their company, and it was a treat to see the friendship of the two bards. The contrast was striking - the one healthly, lively, and off-hand; the other delicate, quiet, and unassuming" (Semple lxxx)

James Hogg and Samuel Taylor Coleridge James Hogg addressed writing to Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Hogg wrote poetic parodies of major poets (including Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Scott, Wilson, Southey, and himself) in The Poetic Mirror (1816). (ODNB; Murray, 1904, p. 116)

James Hogg and Sir Walter Scott James Hogg friends with, supported by, addressed writing to, corresponded with, wrote about Sir Walter Scott

"Through William Laidlaw [Hogg] was also helping to provide assistance in collecting traditional ballads for the third volume of Walter Scott's Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border (1803), and in 1802 Laidlaw was instrumental in setting up a meeting in Ettrick between Hogg and Scott. A friendship developed that was to last until Scott's death in 1832" (ODNB). Scott encouraged Hogg to publish The Mountain Bard and The Shepherd's Guide in 1807.

"As a rival of Scott and Byron among the fashionable poets of the 1810s he produced a formidable output in the years following the publication of The Queen's Wake. The third edition of that poem (1814) contains important revisions and was followed in 1815 by Pilgrims of the Sun, dedicated to Byron. Two new volumes followed in 1816: Mador of the Moor, which echoes and interrogates Scott's Lady of the Lake; and The Poetic Mirror, a volume of Hogg's brilliant and well-received poetic parodies (of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Scott, Hogg, and others [Southey, Wilson])" (ODNB).

Hogg published Familiar Anecdotes of Sir Walter Scott (1834) after Scott's death.

See also: "Sir Walter Scott and James Hogg" (

James McIndoe and William Cameron James McIndoe rival of, friends with William Cameron

In 1818, Cameron "learnt his trade as a ‘speech-caller’ from Jamie ‘Blue’ McIndoe, another well-known street wit. The two were friends and partners for some time, before becoming rivals" throughout the 1820s (ODNB). For years, McIndoe claimed Cameron had "stolen his rightful position as Glasgow's unofficial head speech crier" (Terry).

James Woodhouse and Samuel Johnson James Woodhouse dismissed by Samuel Johnson

Johnson wrote of Woodhouse that "he may make an excellent shoemaker, but he can never make a good poet" (Superlist, Tim Burke)

James Woodhouse and William Shenstone James Woodhouse patronized by, addressed writing to William Shenstone

Woodhouse’s earliest poems represented petitions to William Shenstone, who had prohibited ‘the rabble’ from visiting his ornamental gardens, The Leasowes, due to their propensity for picking flowers - rather than admiring the scenery with a detached comportment. Keegan (2002) suggests that Woodhouse’s affirmations to Shenstone respond to the conviction that the role of the lower orders in tilling the earth and concentrating on the produce it might yield precluded an ability to appreciate nature’s beauties. However, in constructing himself as an exception to the rule, Woodhouse paradoxically buttresses social distinctions even as he tries to transcend them. ‘An Elegy to William Shenstone, Esq.; of the Lessowes’ (1764) contains the following ingratiating lines: ‘Once thy propitious gates no fears betray'd, / But bid all welcome to the sacred shade; / ’Till Belial’s sons (of gratitude the bane) / With curs’d riot dar’d thy groves profane: / And now their fatal mischiefs I deplore, / Condemn’d to dwell in Paradise no more!’ Nonetheless, the overall vision is one that ‘ranks the peasant equal with the peer’ through an inherent affinity for recreation in nature. ~ Shenstone permitted Woodhouse entry not just to the grounds, but also to the library, which extended his knowledge beyond what he had gleaned from magazines. Five years following the introduction to his benefactor, Woodhouse’s collection of poems was published, in quarto, priced three shillings. (Superlist, Rowley)

Janet Little and Robert Burns Janet Little addressed writing to Robert Burns
John Banks of Bancks and Stephen Duck John Banks of Bancks imitated Stephen Duck

Banks of Bancks wrote The Weaver's Miscellany in imitation of Stephen Duck

John Clare and Charles Lamb John Clare knew Charles Lamb

Clare "had attended [John] Taylor's soirées, met Coleridge, Hazlitt, Cunningham, Lamb, Cary, and other important literary figures. He had become the drinking companion of E. V. Rippingille, the painter, and had visited several of the great artists of the day. He corresponded with George Darley, Thomas Pringle, James Montgomery, Sir Charles Elton, and others." (ODNB)

John Clare and Samuel Taylor Coleridge John Clare knew Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Clare "had attended [John] Taylor's soirées, met Coleridge, Hazlitt, Cunningham, Lamb, Cary, and other important literary figures. He had become the drinking companion of E. V. Rippingille, the painter, and had visited several of the great artists of the day. He corresponded with George Darley, Thomas Pringle, James Montgomery, Sir Charles Elton, and others." (ODNB)

John Jenkins and Joseph Jenkins John Jenkins is sibling of Joseph Jenkins
John Leyden and James Hogg John Leyden addressed in writing by James Hogg

"James Hogg bewailed his loss of the poet's [Leyden's] 'glowing measure" (ODNB).

John Leyden and Sir Walter Scott John Leyden collaborated with Sir Walter Scott

In 1801 Heber introduced Leyden to Walter Scott, whom he materially helped with the earlier volumes of the Border Minstrelsy (1802), contributing five poems to volume 1 and material for the learned disquisition on fairies to volume 2 (Lockhart, 1.326). ... Scott, in addition to frequent references, embalmed his ‘bright and brief career’ in the Lord of the Isles, IV.xi. His ‘Memoir of Leyden’ first appeared in the Edinburgh Annual Register (1811). (ODNB)

John Young (1825-1891) and Janet Thompson Hamilton John Young (1825-1891) collaborated with Janet Thomson Hamilton

Young published Pictures in prose and verse: or, personal recollections of the late Janet Hamilton, Langloan: together with several hitherto unpublished poetic pieces (Glasgow, 1877)

Joseph Cronshaw and Samuel Laycock Joseph Cronshaw addressed writing to Samuel Laycock

Behind Cronshaw's volume, Dingle Cottage, there is a tremendous sense of pride in regional writing, presided over by three spirits from the previous generation, the poets Edwin Waugh, Samuel Laycock and Ben Brierley (qqv), who are regularly namechecked in the preliminary materials. Indeed, one mixed prose-verse piece, ‘A Strange Dream’, uses the dream motif to discuss the consider of reading these three hallowed Lancashire dialect poets, and to underline this, handsome photographic portraits of each of them with names and vital dates, are interleafed with the poem (156-63). (Superlist)

Joseph Skipsey and Alfred, Lord Tennyson Joseph Skipsey supported by Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Tennyson and Bram Stoker lobbied for Skipsey to receive the position of Shakespeare Birthplace curator

Joseph Skipsey and Bram Stoker Joseph Skipsey supported by Bram Stoker

Tennyson and Bram Stoker lobbied for Skipsey to receive the position of Shakespeare Birthplace curator

Joseph Skipsey and Dante Gabriel Rosetti Joseph Skipsey supported by Dante Gabriel Rosetti

Dante Gabriel Rosetti was a supporter if not a sponsor of Skipsey

Joseph Skipsey and Heine Joseph Skipsey read Heine
Joseph Skipsey and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Joseph Skipsey read Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Joseph Skipsey and John Milton Joseph Skipsey read John Milton
Joseph Skipsey and Oscar Wilde Joseph Skipsey read by, supported by Oscar Wilde

Read by Oscar Wilde, who compared him to William Blake

Joseph Skipsey and Robert Burns Joseph Skipsey read, wrote about Robert Burns

Skipsey put together editions of famous poets including Burns for Sir Walter Scott's Canterbury series

Joseph Skipsey and Sir Walter Scott Joseph Skipsey collaborated with Sir Walter Scott

Skipsey put together editions of famous poets including Burns for Sir Walter Scott's Canterbury series

Joseph Skipsey and Thomas Dixon Joseph Skipsey supported by Thomas Dixon

Dixon introduced Skipsey to Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Joseph Skipsey and William Shakespeare Joseph Skipsey read, wrote about William Shakespeare

Skipsey read Shakespeare, and Tennyson and Bram Stoker lobbied for him to be Shakespeare Birthplace curator